ISWC 2006 5th International Semantic Web Conference
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Ontology-driven Information Extraction with OntoSyphon
Luke McDowell U.S. Naval Academy
Michael Cafarella University of Washington

The Semantic Web's need for machine understandable content has led researchers to attempt to automatically acquire such content from a number of sources, including the web. To date, such research has focused on "document-driven" systems that individually process a small to moderate size set of documents, annotating each with respect to a given ontology. This paper introduces OntoSyphon, an alternative that strives to more fully leverage existing ontological content while scaling to extract comparatively shallow content from millions of documents. OntoSyphon operates in an "ontology-driven" manner: taking any ontology as input, OntoSyphon uses the ontology to specify web searches that identify possible semantic instances, relations, and taxonomic information. Redundancy in the web, together with information from the ontology, is then used to automatically verify these candidate instances and relations, enabling OntoSyphon to operate in a fully automated, unsupervised manner. A prototype of OntoSyphon is fully implemented and we present experimental results that demonstrate substantial instance learning in a variety of domains based on independently constructed ontologies. We also introduce new techniques for improving instance verification, and demonstrate empirically that they improve upon previously known techniques.


5th International Semantic Web Conference, Athens, GA, USA, November 5-9, 2006, LNCS 4273




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